Category: Prostate Cancer

IMPROVING TREATMENT OUTCOMES IN PROSTATE CANCER PATIENTS WITH A LOW SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS: HOW CAN NURSES HELP?

Pretreatment Education and Counseling As part of the counseling of men diagnosed with prostate cancer, healthcare practitioners (physicians, practice nurses and health educators/navigators) need to provide good information about the relative benefits and risks of the treatments advocated, including their likely influence on subsequent QOL, and then incorporate patient preferences into the therapeutic decision. In…

Influence of Socioeconomic Status, Literacy and Educational Levels on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Although earlier studies (reviewed in Haas and Sakr) of the association between socioeconomic status and prostate cancer incidence reported inconsistent findings, a more recent epidemiological study has suggested that the advent of widespread PSA testing in the United States has changed the relationship, due largely to the greater use of PSA screening among men of…

Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer: Current Trends in the United States

Management of prostate cancer is complex and subject to numerous clinical, scientific, demographic and economic dynamics, which give rise to constantly changing practices. Recent advances in therapy have reduced the incidence of some untoward effects, and patients can now be offered a range of treatments (Table 2) depending on their age, tumor stage (TNM classification;…

Managing the Low-Socioeconomic-Status Prostate Cancer Patient: INTRODUCTION

Management of patients with prostate cancer may include “watchful waiting,” hormonal (androgen ablative) therapy, radical prostatectomy, cryosurgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy in the form of external-beam radiotherapy, high-dose radiotherapy or brachytherapy. While clinical variables, such as age, disease stage, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, Gleason score, comorbidities and symptoms, are important considerations in the physicians’ selection…